Integrals of Rational Functions of Sine and Cosine


Definition

The integrals of rational functions of sine and cosine are integrals where the integrand is a rational function composed of sines and cosines, usually in the denominator, which is not easily reducible. However, these integrals are easy to solve by applying the recommended substitution: $z=\tan\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)$

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