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Find the derivative using logarithmic differentiation method $\frac{d}{dx}\left(x^x\right)$

Step-by-step Solution

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Final Answer

$x^x\left(\ln\left(x\right)+1\right)$
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Step-by-step Solution

Problem to solve:

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(x^x\right)$

Specify the solving method

1

To derive the function $x^x$, use the method of logarithmic differentiation. First, assign the function to $y$, then take the natural logarithm of both sides of the equation

$y=x^x$
2

Apply natural logarithm to both sides of the equality

$\ln\left(y\right)=\ln\left(x^x\right)$
3

Using the power rule of logarithms: $\log_a(x^n)=n\cdot\log_a(x)$

$\ln\left(y\right)=x\ln\left(x\right)$
4

Derive both sides of the equality with respect to $x$

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=\frac{d}{dx}\left(x\ln\left(x\right)\right)$
5

Apply the product rule for differentiation: $(f\cdot g)'=f'\cdot g+f\cdot g'$, where $f=x$ and $g=\ln\left(x\right)$

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=\frac{d}{dx}\left(x\right)\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

The derivative of the linear function is equal to $1$

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=1\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

Any expression multiplied by $1$ is equal to itself

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$
6

The derivative of the linear function is equal to $1$

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$
7

The derivative of the natural logarithm of a function is equal to the derivative of the function divided by that function. If $f(x)=ln\:a$ (where $a$ is a function of $x$), then $\displaystyle f'(x)=\frac{a'}{a}$

$\frac{1}{y}\frac{d}{dx}\left(y\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

The derivative of the linear function is equal to $1$

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=1\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

Any expression multiplied by $1$ is equal to itself

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

$1y^{\prime}\left(\frac{1}{y}\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

Any expression multiplied by $1$ is equal to itself

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$
8

The derivative of the linear function is equal to $1$

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$
9

The derivative of the natural logarithm of a function is equal to the derivative of the function divided by that function. If $f(x)=ln\:a$ (where $a$ is a function of $x$), then $\displaystyle f'(x)=\frac{a'}{a}$

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{1}{x}\frac{d}{dx}\left(x\right)$

The derivative of the linear function is equal to $1$

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=1\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

Any expression multiplied by $1$ is equal to itself

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(y\right)\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

$1y^{\prime}\left(\frac{1}{y}\right)=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

Any expression multiplied by $1$ is equal to itself

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+x\frac{d}{dx}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+1x\frac{1}{x}$

Any expression multiplied by $1$ is equal to itself

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+\frac{x}{x}$
10

The derivative of the linear function is equal to $1$

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+\frac{x}{x}$
11

Simplify the fraction $\frac{x}{x}$ by $x$

$y^{\prime}\frac{1}{y}=\ln\left(x\right)+1$

Isolate $y'$

$y^{\prime}=\frac{\ln\left(x\right)+1}{\frac{1}{y}}$

Divide fractions $\frac{\ln\left(x\right)+1}{\frac{1}{y}}$ with Keep, Change, Flip: $a\div \frac{b}{c}=\frac{a}{1}\div\frac{b}{c}=\frac{a}{1}\times\frac{c}{b}=\frac{a\cdot c}{b}$

$y^{\prime}=y\left(\ln\left(x\right)+1\right)$
12

Isolate $y'$

$y^{\prime}=y\left(\ln\left(x\right)+1\right)$
13

Substitute $y$ for the original function: $x^x$

$y^{\prime}=x^x\left(\ln\left(x\right)+1\right)$
14

The derivative of the function results in

$x^x\left(\ln\left(x\right)+1\right)$

Final Answer

$x^x\left(\ln\left(x\right)+1\right)$
SnapXam A2
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a
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f
g
m
n
u
v
w
x
y
z
.
(◻)
+
-
×
◻/◻
/
÷
2

e
π
ln
log
log
lim
d/dx
Dx
|◻|
θ
=
>
<
>=
<=
sin
cos
tan
cot
sec
csc

asin
acos
atan
acot
asec
acsc

sinh
cosh
tanh
coth
sech
csch

asinh
acosh
atanh
acoth
asech
acsch

Tips on how to improve your answer:

$\frac{d}{dx}\left(x^x\right)$

Related Formulas:

3. See formulas

Time to solve it:

~ 0.05 s